The Wounded Heart of God is Dr. Andrew Sung Park’s first seminal work (1991) on challenging and expanding traditional Christian doctrines–specifically in this case, the Doctrine of Hamartiology (Sin)–with the concept of Han (or Haan). Park is extremely critical of the West’s (especially, post-Reformation/Enlightenment’s) historically individualistic and sinner-centric assessment of sin, repentance, forgiveness, and reconciliation. The fundamental problem Park has is that the perspective of the sinned-against is (mostly) excluded from consideration in these doctrines. In other words, sinners are solely concerned about absolving their personal sins without taking a second thought about what their sin has done against others and what they should do in light of that. Therefore, the concept of Han acts as a corrective because Han is sinned-against-centric. Han, in short, is the pain, suffering, and sorrow in the aftermath of being sinned against. When Han expands reconciliation beyond the mere individual-God vertical to include the individual-individual/society horizontal, then dissolving Han and Han-producing forces start to reflect God’s cosmic vision for New (re)Creation.
However, what’s interesting about Park’s work is his lack of Christological and Pneumatological considerations in dealing with Han and the Han-healing affects of God. His strongest and most visible Christological contemplation is in his adoption of Luther’s theologia crucis (theology of the cross), but, beyond that, there’s not much else.